Medical Laboratory Technology


Medical laboratory technology is the branch of medicine concerned with the performance of laboratory determinations and analyses used in the diagnosis and treatment of disease and the maintenance of health. The Medical Laboratory Technician is an individual who has been trained to perform routine tests in the clinical laboratory. This person, working under the supervision of a Medical Technologist and Pathologist, is trained for several areas of the medical laboratory, including, bacteriology, immunology & serology, parasitology, hematology, coagulation, blood banking, clinical chemistry, and urinalysis.

The Medical Laboratory Technology Program at Midlands Technical College provides the student with basic theory and applied science instruction in clinical procedures performed in a medical laboratory. Proficiency of these skills is achieved through study in the college classrooms and laboratories and rotation through affiliated clinical laboratories.

The curriculum promotes a systematic coordination of the didactic phase of the program with the clinical phase. Students enter clinical rotations only after completing class room lecture and laboratory sections applicable to the areas of clinical rotation undertaken. Students are required to achieve standards of professional development before being placed in a clinical rotation.

Given an explanation of the professional and legal relationships of the medical laboratory technician to the patient, the laboratory and the physician, the student will practice professional ethics. Rotation in the clinical facility offers the student the opportunity to develop and apply laboratory testing skills in directed learning experiences, under close supervision. The student will assume responsibility for success in the directed training by completing assignments, and maintaining records of progress.

The curriculum is designed so that the student enters each segment of medical laboratory technology as a fluid unit interrelated to all areas of the clinical laboratory. In each major subject area or department of the clinical laboratory the training emphasis is based on mastery of related concepts, proficiency in performing techniques and adapting to the role of the medical laboratory technician. Upon completion of the clinical practicum courses, the student should be able to function at the expected job entry level of a medical laboratory technician.

Upon completion of the program the MLT may be employed by hospital laboratories, clinics, physician offices, industrial laboratories, public health research laboratories, pharmaceutical companies, government laboratories and veterinary clinics.

The Medical Laboratory Technology program is accredited by the National Accrediting Agency for Clinical Laboratory Science. Graduates are eligible to sit for certification examination given by the American Society for Clinical Pathology (ASCP). Upon successful completion of program requirements and certification the graduate will be entitled to use the designation of Registered Medical Laboratory Technician.